The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted in 2015 by the United Nations to help combat problems marring the social, economic, and environmental development and sustainability of the society.
These global goals, serving as a call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure peace and prosperity for all by the end of the year 2030. The SDGs are equally designed to eradicate hunger, AIDS, and discrimination against women.
Countries have prioritized the 17 SDGs, and also committing themselves to help other countries that are behind in achieving these goals.
Not too many people are aware of these goals, so here are 5 Sustainable Development Goals, (SDGs) you should know about.
- No Poverty – Many people across the globe live in poverty, and one of the 17 global goals set by the U.N is to see a reduction or total eradication of poverty by the year 2030. With the gradual economic development, creation of jobs, and innovations set by nations, the U.N, philanthropists, and even NGOs, the heavy process of bringing people out of poverty is ongoing.
- Zero Hunger – Rapid growth in the economy and agriculture might have reduced the number of malnourished individuals, but it is estimated that 90 million children under the age of 5 are severely malnourished and underweight. By promoting and supporting small-scale farmers with equal access to land, technology, and markets, the U.N alongside other bodies is working to provide not just children, but everyone access to nourishing meals by the year 2030.
- Good Health and Well Being – Health is wealth, and to be healthy, one must have easy access to quality healthcare and social protection. The fight against some of the deadliest diseases is being gradually won. There is an increase in life expectancy, infant and maternal death rates have declined and the tide on HIV and malaria are being turned. However, the harsh truth is that an estimate of 400 million people still lacks adequate and proper healthcare services.
- Quality Education – Nelson Mandela once said “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. There has been enormous progress towards literacy since the adoption of the global goals. But, the U.N, NGOs, philanthropists, and countries are working to see that the number of children lacking education is reduced, and girls are allowed access to quality education as well.
- Gender Equality – Another goal of the United Nations is to eradicate all forms of discrimination, abuse, and violence against women and girls in society. The goal was also designed to give equal opportunities to women in every sector. Although women are now part of the labor market, the fight to have more women is on-going, as well as the fight against women exploitation, sexual violence and uneven pay.